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The Commons, Markets, & Sustainable Development
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Rural water for thirsty cities

"Draa river near Zagora" by John Englart

Water Allocation in Rivers Under Pressure

"Irrigation circles" by rjcox is license

The paradox of irrigation efficiency

"richard-lock-301354" by koekoes is lice

Valuing water for sustainable development

Click here to view hyperlinked publications.



  1. Dadson, Simon, Dustin Garrick, Edmund Penning-Rowsell, Jim Hall, Rob Hope, Jocelyne Hughes. 2019. Water Science, Policy and Management: A Global Challenge. Wiley.

  2. Thiel, A., Blomquist, W., and Garrick, Dustin, editors. 2019. Governing Complexity: Analyzing and Applying Polycentricity. Cambridge University Press.

  3. Garrick, Dustin. 2015. Water Allocation in Rivers under Pressure: Water Trading, Transaction Costs and Transboundary Governance in the Western US and Australia.  Edward Elgar Publishing:  Cheltenham.

  4. Garrick, Dustin, Anderson, G., Connell, D., and Pittock, J. editors. 2014. Federal Rivers: multi-layered systems of water management. Edward Elgar Publishing: Cheltenham.


Journal articles:


  1. Garrick, D, R, Hahn. 2020. “The Economics of Water Security.” Review of Environmental Economics and Policy (in press).

  2. Garrick D., Iseman, T., Gilson, G., Brozovic, N., O'Donnell, E., Matthews, N., Miralles-Wilhelm, F., Wight, C. and Young, W., 2020. “Scalable solutions to freshwater scarcity: Advancing theories of change to incentivise sustainable water use.” Water Security 9.

  3. Wheeler, Sarah Ann, and Dustin E. Garrick. 2020. "A tale of two water markets in Australia: lessons for understanding participation in formal water markets." Oxford Review of Economic Policy 36 (1): 132-153.

  4. Garrick D, Michael Hanemann, Cameron Hepburn. 2020. “Rethinking the Economics of Water.” Oxford Review of Economic Policy 36 (1): 1-23.

  5. Svensson, Jesper, Dustin E. Garrick, and Shaofeng Jia. 2019. “Water markets as coupled infrastructure systems: comparing the development of water rights and water markets in Heihe, Shiyang and Yellow Rivers.” Water International, 44(8), pp.834-853.

  6. Grafton, R.Q., Doyen, L., Béné, C., Borgomeo, E., Brooks, K., Chu, L., Cumming, G.S., Dixon, J., Dovers, S., Garrick, D. and Helfgott, A., 2019. “Realizing resilience for decision-making.” Nature Sustainability, 2 (10), pp.907-913.

  7. O'Donnell, Erin L., and Dustin E. Garrick. 2019. "The diversity of water markets: Prospects and perils for the SDG agenda." Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Water 6 (5): e1368.

  8. Garrick, D., De Stefano, L., Yu, W., Jorgensen, I., O’Donnell, E., Turley, L., Aguilar-Barajas, I., Dai, X., de Souza Leão, R., Punjabi, B. and Schreiner, B., 2019. “Rural water for thirsty cities: a systematic review of water reallocation from rural to urban regions.”  Environmental Research Letters 14 (4), p.043003.

  9. O'Donnell, Erin L., Dustin Garrick, and Avril Horne. 2019. "Reallocation through irrigation modernization: The ‘once-in-a-hundred-year’ opportunity of the North-South Pipeline, Australia." Water Security 6: 100028.

  10. Grafton, R. Quentin, Dustin Garrick, Ana Manero, and Thang Nam Do. 2019. "The Water Governance Reform Framework: Overview and Applications to Australia, Mexico, Tanzania, USA and Vietnam." Water 11 (1): 137-159.

  11. Grafton, R. Quentin, John Williams, C. J. Perry, Francois Molle, Claudia Ringler, Pasquale Steduto, Brad Udall, Sarah Wheller, Yahua Wang, Dustin Garrick, Richard Allen. 2018. "The paradox of irrigation efficiency." Science 361, no. 6404: 748-750.

  12. De Stefano, Lucia and Garrick, Dustin. 2018. “Governing water in federal river basins.” Regional Environmental Change 18 (6): pp 1573–1578

  13. Garrick, Dustin, Nuria Hernández-Mora, Erin O’Donnell. 2018. “Water markets in federal countries: comparing coordination institutions in Australia, Spain and the Western USA.” Regional Environmental Change 18 (6): pp 1593-1606

  14. Heikkila, Tanya, Sergio Villamayor-Tomas, and Dustin Garrick. 2018. “Bringing polycentric systems into focus for environmental governance.” Environmental Policy and Governance 28 (4) pp: 207-211.

  15. Garrick, Dustin, Edella Schlager, Lucia De Stefano and Sergio Villamayor-Tomas. 2018.  “Managing the Cascading Risks of Droughts: Institutional Adaptation in Transboundary Rivers.” Earth’s Future (AGU Journals) 6 (6): 809-827

  16. Garrick, Dustin. 2018. “Decentralisation and Drought Adaptation: Applying the Subsidiarity Principle in Transboundary River Basins.” International Journal of the Commons 12 (1): 301-331.

  17. Garrick, Dustin, Jim W Hall, Andrew Dobson, Richard Damania, R Quentin Grafton, Robert Hope, Cameron Hepburn, Rosalind Bark, Frederick Boltz, Lucia De Stefano, Erin O’Donnell and Alex Money. 2017. "Valuing water for sustainable development."  Science 358 (6366):1003-1005.

  18. Dadson, Simon, Jim W Hall, Dustin Garrick, Claudia Sadoff, David Grey, and Dale Whittington. 2017. "Water security, risk, and economic growth: Insights from a dynamical systems model."  Water Resources Research (AGU Journals) 53 (8).

  19. Grafton, R Quentin, Mahala McLindin, Karen Hussey, Paul Wyrwoll, Dennis Wichelns, Claudia Ringler, Dustin Garrick, Jamie Pittock, Sarah Wheeler, and Stuart Orr. 2016. "Responding to Global Challenges in Food, Energy, Environment and Water: Risks and Options Assessment for Decision‐Making."  Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies 3 (2):275-299.

  20. Garrick, Dustin, Edella Schlager, and Sergio Villamayor-Tomas. 2016. "Governing an international transboundary river: opportunism, safeguards, and drought adaptation in the Rio Grande."  Publius: The Journal of Federalism (Oxford Journals) 46 (2):170-198.

  21. Garrick, Dustin, Krantzberg, G, & Jetoo, S. 2016. Building Transboundary Water Governance Capacity for Non-point Pollution: A Comparison of Australia and North America. International Journal of Water Governance, 2016(4:7), 111–132.

  22. Garrick, Dustin and Lucia De Stefano. 2016. "Adaptive capacity in federal rivers: coordination challenges and institutional responses."  Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 21:78-85.

  23. Garrick, Dustin. 2016. "The Hydropolitics of the Nile Revisited: Elites, Experts, and Everyday Practices in Egypt and Sudan."  Global Environmental Politics.  16 (3): 151-156.

  24. Robinson, Catherine J, Rosalind H Bark, Dustin Garrick, and Carmel A Pollino. 2015. "Sustaining local values through river basin governance: community-based initiatives in Australia's Murray–Darling basin."  Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 58 (12):2212-2227.

  25. Hall, Jim W., David Grey, Dustin Garrick, Fai Fung, Casey Brown, Simon J Dadson, and Claudia W Sadoff. 2014. "Coping with the curse of freshwater variability."  Science 346 (6208):429-430.

  26. Garrick, Dustin and Jim W Hall. 2014. "Water Security and Society: Risks, Metrics, and Pathways."  Annual Review of Environment and Resources 39:611-639.

  27. Wheeler, Sarah, Dustin Garrick, Adam Loch, and Henning Bjornlund. 2013. "Evaluating water market products to acquire water for the environment in Australia."  Land Use Policy 30 (1):427-436.

  28. Grey, David, Dustin Garrick, D Blackmore, J Kelman, M Muller, and C Sadoff. 2013. "Water security in one blue planet: twenty-first century policy challenges for science."  Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 371 (2002):20120406.

  29. Garrick, Dustin, Stuart Whitten, and Anthea Coggan. 2013. "Understanding the evolution and performance of water markets and allocation policy: a transaction costs analysis framework."  Ecological Economics.  88: 195-205

  30. Garrick, Dustin, Laura McCann, and David Pannell. 2013. "Transaction costs and environmental policy: taking stock, looking forward."  Ecological Economics.  88: 182-184

  31. Garrick, Dustin, Lucia De Stefano, Fai Fung, Jamie Pittock, Edella Schlager, Mark New, and Daniel Connell. 2013. "Managing hydroclimatic risks in federal rivers: a diagnostic assessment."  Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 371 (2002):20120415.

  32. Garrick, Dustin, Rosalind Bark, Jeff Connor, and Onil Banerjee. 2012. "Environmental water governance in federal rivers: opportunities and limits for subsidiarity in Australia's Murray–Darling River."  Water Policy 14 (6):915-936.

  33. Garrick, Dustin and Bruce Aylward. 2012. "Transaction Costs and Institutional Performance in Market-Based Environmental Water Allocation."  Land Economics 88 (3):535-560.

  34. Bark, Rosalind H, Dustin Garrick, Catherine J Robinson, and Sue Jackson. 2012. "Adaptive basin governance and the prospects for meeting Indigenous water claims."  Environmental Science & Policy 19:169-177.

  35. Garrick, Dustin, Chelsea Lane‐Miller, and Amy L McCoy. 2011. "Institutional Innovations to Govern Environmental Water in the Western United States: Lessons for Australia’s Murray–Darling Basin."  Economic Papers: A journal of applied economics and policy,

  36. Garrick, Dustin, MA Siebentritt, Bruce Aylward, CJ Bauer, and Andrew Purkey. 2009. "Water markets and freshwater ecosystem services: Policy reform and implementation in the Columbia and Murray-Darling Basins."  Ecological Economics 69 (2):366-379.

  37. Garrick, Dustin, Katharine Jacobs, and Gregg Garfin. 2008. "Models, Assumptions, and Stakeholders: Planning for Water Supply Variability in the Colorado River Basin." Journal of the American Water Resources Association 44 (2):381-398.  

  38. Winner of best paper award for the journal in 2008


Book Chapters


  1. Koontz, Thomas M, and Garrick, Dustin. 2019. “Interactions and Performance in Polycentric Governance.” In Governing Complexity: Analyzing and Applying Polycentricity edited by Andreas Thiel, Williams A. Blomquist, and Dustin Garrick. pg. 111. Cambridge University Press.

  2. Garrick, Dustin and Sergio Villamayor-Tomas. 2019. “Competition in Polycentric Governance Systems.” In Governing Complexity: Analyzing and Applying Polycentricity edited by Andreas Thiel, Williams A. Blomquist, and Dustin Garrick. pg. 152. Cambridge University Press.

  3. Garrick, Dustin, and Jesper Svensson. 2018. "The Political Economy of Water Markets:  40 years of debates, experiments and lessons learned." In The Oxford Handbook of Water Politics and Policy, edited by Ken Conca and Erika Weinthal. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

  4. Roic, Kristina, Dustin Garrick, and Manzoor Qadir. 2017. "The Ebb and Flow of Water Conflicts: A Case Study of India and Pakistan." In Imagining Industan, edited by Zafar Adeel and Robert Wirsing. pgs. 49-66. Springer International Publishing.

  5. O’Donnell, Erin L, and Dustin Garrick. 2017. "Defining Success: A Multicriteria Approach to Guide Evaluation and Investment." In Water for the Environment, edited by Avril Horne, Angus Webb, Michael Stewardson, Brian Richter and Mike Acreman. pgs. 625-645. Elsevier, Academic Publishing.

  6. O’Donnell, Erin L, and Dustin Garrick. 2017. "Environmental water organizations and institutional settings." In Water for the Environment, edited by Avril Horne, Angus Webb, Michael Stewardson, Brian Richter and Mike Acreman. pgs. 421-451. Elsevier, Academic Publishing.

  7. Garrick, Dustin. 2017. "Water Security and Adaptation to Climate Extremes in Transboundary Rivers of North America." In Water Policy and Governance in Canada.  Edited by Steven Renzetti and Dianne Dupont, pgs. 121-137. Springer International Publishing.

  8. Garrick, Dustin, Lucia De Stefano, and Daniel Connell. 2017. "Managing Drought and Water Scarcity in Federal Political Systems." In Drought and Water Crises:  Integrating Science, Management, and Policy, edited by Donald Wilhite and Roger Pulwarty. London: Taylor and Frances Group.

  9. Garrick, Dustin, and Erin O'Donnell. 2016. "Exploring private roles in environmental watering in Australia and the US." In Protecting the Environment, Privately, edited by Jeffrey Bennet. pgs. 203-231.  World Scientific Publishing Company.

  10. Garrick, Dustin. 2016. "Drought as an opportunity to bring robust water-policy reform to California." In Transformational Change in Environmental and Natural Resource Management: Guidelines for policy excellence, edited by Mike Young and Christine Esau. London:  Routledge.

  11. McCann, Laura, and Dustin Garrick. 2014. "Transaction Costs and Policy Design for Water Markets." In Water Markets for the 21st Century, edited by William Easter and Qiuqiong Huang, pgs. 11-34. Springer Netherlands.

  12. Garrick, Dustin, Lucia De Stefano, Jamie Pittock, and Daniel Connell. 2014. "Transboundary Water Management in Federal Political Systems: A Story of Three Semi-arid Rivers." In The Global Water System in the Anthropocene, edited by Anik Bhaduri, Janos Bogardi, Jan Leentvaar, Sina Marx, pgs. 343-353. Springer International Publishing.

  13. Garrick, Dustin, George Anderson, Daniel Connell, and James Pittock. 2014. "Federal rivers: A critical overview of water governance challenges in federal systems." In Federal rivers: Managing water in multi-layered political systems, edited by Donald Wilhite and Roger Pulwarty, 3-19. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited Cheltenham.

  14. Garrick, Dustin, and Robert Hope. 2013. "Water Security Risk and Response." In Water Security: Principles, Perspectives and Practices, edited by Bruce Lankford, Karen Bakker, Declan Conway and Mark Zeitoun. London:  Routledge Press.

  15. Hatton MacDonald, D, R Bark, Dustin Garrick, O Banerjee, J Connor, and M Morrison. 2011. "Multiple Benefits through the Life Cycle of the Basin Plan." In Basin Futures: Water Reform in the Murray-Darling Basin, edited by Daniel Connell and R Quentin Grafton. Canberra: ANU E-Press.

  16. Garrick, Dustin, and Rosalind Bark. 2011. "Comparative Perspectives on Basin Governance in the Murray–Darling Basin: Insights from the western United States." In Basin futures: Water reform in the Murray-Darling Basin, edited by Daniel Connell and R Quentin Grafton, 367-384. Canberra: ANU E-Press.




  1. Garrick, Dustin, E. O’Donnell, M. S. Moore, N. Brozovic, T. Iseman. 2019. “Informal Water Markets in an Urbanising World: Some Unanswered Questions (English).” World Bank, Washington, DC.

  2. Garrick, Dustin, Lucia De Stefano, Laura Turley, Isabel Jorgensen, Ismael Aguilar-Barajas, Barbara Schreiner, Renata de Souza Leão, Erin O’Donnell, and Avril Horne. 2019.Dividing the Water, Sharing the Benefits: Lessons from Rural-to-Urban Water Reallocation.” World Bank, Washington, DC.

  3. Opperman, J. J., S. Orr, H. Baleta, M. Dailey, D. Garrick, M. Goichot, A. McCoy, A. Morgan, L. Turley and A. Vermeulen. 2018.Valuing Rivers: How the diverse benefits of healthy rivers underpin economies.” WWF.

  4. Sadoff, C.W., Hall, J.W., Grey, D., Aerts, J.C.J.H., Ait-Kadi, M., Brown, C., Cox, A., Dadson, S., Garrick, D., Kelman, J., McCornick, P., Ringler, C., Rosegrant, M., Whittington, D. and Wiberg, D. 2015. “Securing Water, Sustaining Growth.”  University of Oxford, UK. 180 pp. ISBN: 978-1-874370-55-0.

  5. Garrick, Dustin, Amy McCoy, and Bruce Aylward. 2011. “The Cornerstones Report: Market-Based Responses to Arizona’s Water Sustainability Challenges.” Ecosystem Economics:  Bend, Oregon.

  6. Garrick, Dustin, Bruce Aylward, Mark Siebentritt, and Andrew Purkey. 2008. "Environmental Water Transactions: Lessons Learned & Future Prospects."  Washington DC: National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.

  7. Garrick, Dustin, and Kathy Jacobs. 2006. "Water management on the Colorado River: from surplus to shortage in five years."  Southwest Hydrology 5 (3): pgs. 8-9.

  8. Garrick, Dustin, and Kathy Jacobs. 2005. "Tree-ring records inform water management decisions."  Southwest climate outlook, May: pgs. 2-3.


Selected Media and Online Publications


 “Rivers and geopolitics”, BBC3 Radio, 14 May 2019

Why the thinking and planning around drought is often wrong”, Open Canada, 21 April 2016

How could the California drought impact Canada?”, Canadian Television News (CTV), 19 June 2016

A surprising lesson from Australia’s drought: politics matter.” Water Deeply, 3 Sept 2015

What the California drought means for Canadians”, The Globe and Mail, 4 July 2015

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